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Official website of the Victorian Eastern Region of the Australian Alpaca Association Ltd.

The Australian Alpaca Association Ltd.

Victorian Eastern Region of the Australian Alpaca Association Ltd.


This list of Poisonous Plants was compiled by E. Paul on 20/4/2007.

Poisonous Plants

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Over Coming our Hay Feeding Dilemma

By Lezley Golding - Stevley Park Suris

Over these past few years we have always had problems with feeding hay to our alpacas. We started by feeding Lucerne at times when the girls needed something extra. They would pick through the Lucerne, nibble the leaves off the storks and leave the storks on the ground, which I would then have to then pick up and throw on the garden for mulch. While the hay was on the ground they would also take great delight in rolling in it, to show me just how much they could get into their fleece. Ggrrrhhhhh !!!!!

Easter, we planned to go away for a holiday, as we had friends to look after the farm and animals. We decided to get in a large square bale of sub clover, we knew they would eat all that we put out and not leave storks like the Lucerne. Prior to leaving, we peeled off sections of hay from the big square and put a pile in the corner of each paddock shelter. This would keep the alpacas happy and our friends would not have to feed out while we were away. Day 2 of being away our friends rang to say one of our stud males had a very red eye and they had to call the vet. On closer inspection the vet found a barley grass seed embedded in the corner of his eye. We came home earlier than expected from our holiday and when checking all the alpacas we found one of our girls had a closed mucky eye. I bathed it open and dug out 2 barley grass seeds. Another visit from the vet. A closer inspection of the hay revealed barley grass seeds and thistles through it. We rang our hay man who was very apologetic and came and collected the remainder of the big bale, and replaced it with small squares. We also spent several hours gathering up all the suspect hay from the shelters and burning it. We then had to check each animal and remove the barley grass seeds and thistle heads from their fleece, because it was on the ground they had rolled in it as well. WHAT A DISASTER............ we were now faced with a $500 vet bill. I am happy to report that the animals with the seeds in the eyes have all recovered 100%. Thank goodness.

We sat down and thought about how to feed hay to our alpacas. I searched everywhere for small feeders that would hold a couple of small square bales. There was nothing available. We certainly weren't buying big squares again, you just cannot see what is inside them.


OK now for some ingenuity, we decided it was time to design our own feeder. We drew up a design and took it to the local farm gate manufacturer and had one made up. We trialled it for a week, and made a few minor changes and then had several more made, one for each paddock shelter.

We have finally overcome our hay feeding dilemma. The alpacas can easily pull the hay out through the mesh and only a small amount falls on the ground, which they eat. We have found that not only, can they NOT ROLL in the hay, but there is no wastage, they eat it all. Also, the feet on the feeder keeps the bottom of the feeder off the ground and stops the hay getting musty and wet.

We are very happy with our new hay feeders.

This reminds me of the old saying, 'Necessity is the mother of invention'.


Eat it Neat!

by Carolyn Jinks, Benleigh Alpaca Stud

Many visitors to Benleigh Alpaca Stud comment on the surrounds of the 'maternity paddock. The great interest as well as the animals ~ THE TAGASASTE HEDGE! (pronounced "tagga-sass-tee")

At Benleigh, Allan Jinks commenced the layout plan 10 years ago, when he planted Tagasaste, more commonly known as Tree Lucerne around the perimeter of a paddock.

Two barriers of chicken wire, 60 cm apart and 1 metre high protected the young plants, with the intention of allowing the alpacas to eat the tops as they grew, thus making them more bushy. Ultimately more chicken wire was placed over the top, and the bushes grew to fill the wired cavity.

The result has developed into an alpaca-manicured "box" hedge.


Diet supplement, perfect protector from wind and sun, as well as a great double-fenced divider, which also offers a safety zone for anyone with fear of neighbouring roaming dogs.

What a bonus! During an excessively dry summer throughout Victoria, the "hedge" has been a blessing, giving green pick at all times.

Cria as young as 10 days are often seen nibbling beside their mothers on the leaves or just resting in it's shelter.

The whole concept works easily and has definitely been a worthwhile exercise many breeders may wish to add to their management scheme in the coming season.

Dr Laurie Snook, an agricultural researcher has written a book on Tagasaste, with much data regarding the nutritional benefits for both livestock and in aquaculture.

The Tagasaste, (botanical name Chamaecytisus palmenis) is an evergreen leguminous tree-shrub which produces masses of white flowers in early spring. Originating in the Canary Islands, and introduced to Australia in 1879, it has been planted in Australian gardens as an ornamental, on farms as a wind break and has been utilised as food value by pastoralists for many years. It is a habitat for native birds and provides winter nectar for bees.

Apart from the obvious benefits for alpacas, in other areas of our farm the Tagasaste has long been used to form edible windbreaks for stock, but the 'hedge' created with the help of the alpacas is different from mainstream farming.

Since the original 'pilot scheme', progressive plantings border many of our paddocks.

Stud males can be separated by this nutritious barrier, weanlings are secure, and all enjoy the flavour as they neatly prune leaves as they protrude through the wire.

Tagasaste grows easily in many soil types and climates, can be germinated from seed or started as seedlings. It has been recorded that livestock producers in WA are expected to plant more than 30,000 hectares of tagasastee during the coming year and that Eastern states are following this revolution as an aid in improving landcare.

Growth is rapid, and Autumn plantings will mean that 18 months later, an effective hedge will be forming,

It is seen to have multiple benefits for most livestock, and from personal experience, we consider it excellent ~ aesthetically attractive, nutritional as well as functional, and the alpacas clearly approve as they"Eat it Neat".